TOEFL Words to Know

TOEFL Words to Know

When you are taking the TOEFL, you will come across a massive amount of unknown words. For words that are necessary to understand the reading, the test will give you the definition. However, for many of the unknown words, you will not be given a definition. You will need to use context clues to guess the meaning of the words. Some of the reading questions will be vocabulary questions that will ask you to pick the meaning of certain words as they are used in the text. 

Although it is not possible to know which vocabulary words you will find in the text, it will be beneficial to you to increase your vocabulary as much as possible. Here are 20 common vocabulary words and their definitions that you may find in the TOEFL. 

1.      Irrigation: the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels 

2.      Suspend: to cause to stop temporarily 

3.      Precipitation: falling products of condensation in the atmosphere, as rain, snow, or hail 

4.      Ample: fully sufficient or more than adequate for the purpose or needs; plentiful; enough 

5.      Interpret: to give or provide the meaning of something 

6.      Sustain: to support, hold, or bear up from below 

7.      Prone: having a natural inclination or tendency to something 

8.      Catastrophic: a momentous tragic event ranging from extreme misfortune to utter overthrow or ruin 

9.      Hierarchy: a system in which people or things are placed in a series of levels with different importance or status 

10.   Pragmatic: dealing with the problems that exist in a specific situation in a reasonable and logical way instead of depending on ideas and theories 

11.   Influence: the power to change or affect someone or something 

12.   Abundant: existing or occurring in large amounts 

13.   Obstacle: something that slows progress or achievement 

14.   Coerce: to make someone do something by using force or threats 

15.   Degrade: to lower in grade, rank, or status 

16.   Intricate: having many complex parts or elements 

17.   Fluctuate: to shift back and forth uncertainly 

18.   Emphasize: to give special attention to something 

19.   Reproach: an expression of rebuke or disapproval 

20.   Digress: to speak or write about something that is different from the main subject being discussed 

Now you should memorize the words and practice using them. To help you remember, you can use them in sentences, make flashcards, or play vocabulary games. You can use whichever method you prefer. If you are interested in enrolling in a TOEFL preparation course, email

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Published on December 20, 2021

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